1st Grade Crew // Math Talks

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“We want to help our students deeply understand numbers in the primary years,” said my fellow Detroit Prep teacher, Shelly, at our school’s beginning-of-year curriculum night. “For example, you might know the number five as a kindergartener, but do you know that 5 is 3 less than 8? And 5 less than 10?” These questions and further discussions with Shelly made me think about how I teach math to my first grade students. I began to ask myself while planning lessons, “How can I push my students’ number sense here? How can I ask them to confront deeper questions about math than this word problem presents?”

One strategy I use to help my students more deeply expand their understanding of numbers and math concepts is through a 10-15 minute segment of my daily math lesson called a “Number Talk”. During our Number Talk, students are given one problem-- sometimes involving the strategy taught the day before with higher numbers, or a word problem, or a set of numbers that must be added together. After hearing the problem as a group, students have thirty seconds to think about how they will solve. Then, they go back to their tables to work with a group of 3-5 mixed-math-ability students. I only allow students to have one white board and one marker so that they must reach consensus as a group about how they will solve and which answer they will choose.

This practice allows students to deepen their understandings of previously taught strategies and concepts by explaining their reasoning to classmates and by applying math concepts to new problems. It also encourages students to use their deepening number sense by looking for patterns that might help them solve. For example, recently I gave students a set of numbers: 8, 4, 5, 2, 6, 5…. and asked them to solve as quickly as possible. Most groups chose to simply draw dots and counted the dots all-together, but one group noticed that they could quickly add the numbers by finding sets of 10: 8 + 2, 5 + 5, 6 + 4 and then adding those 10s together. During a follow up discussion, this group was able to share their thinking with the whole crew who asked questions and eventually joined in a chorus of “ohhhs!” and smiles once they understood the strategy used. I love seeing the look of awe and joy as students help each other reach new understandings in math! Math talks have made math more rigorous, fun, and communal in my crew.

1st Grade Crew // Using Curiosity & Creativity to Explore Labs

This year at Detroit Prep, we are so lucky to be learning from a Language Arts curriculum that provides us with an extra hour EVERY day to ensure all our students get the support they need. This extra time- called Labs- is how we end every school day. Labs are an important feature of the 1st grade curriculum because they support and extend student learning from the module lessons. They are designed to help all students get the time to play and explore, become immersed in academic language and content knowledge, and practice skills and the Habits of Character that they need to be joyful, successful, and proficient!

Our labs have four stages built into each module topic, which for Mrs. Jackie’s crew, has been the Sun, Moon, and Stars for the last few months. Students are introduced to their Create, Explore, Imagine, and Research labs during the Launch stage.  Next, during the Practice stage, students work in two labs each day for 20 minutes each. From there, we move into the Extend stage where students become more independent and their work becomes more complex. Finally, towards the end of our Module study, Labs conclude with the Choice and Challenge stage, where students work on a final product through the process of feedback, revision, and group work.

Our second module of study- The Sun, Moon, and Stars has exposed our 1st graders to some hands on, exciting, and engaging labs. Listed below is a description of what they’ve gotten to experience using so much of their curiosity and creativity!

Create Lab: Students learned how to blend watercolors together to create the colors of the sky at different times of day or night. They were able to add to their artist tool belt by creating their very own palette of colors to use to create the sky.

Explore Lab: This lab station allowed students to explore light and shadow using their very own flashlights and a variety of classroom materials (such as blocks, paper, writing utensils, etc.). Students used the flashlights as their ‘sun’ source and were able to model how the sun circulates the earth, causing different shadow patterns.

Imagine Lab: The imagine lab is one of our favorites in Mrs. Jackie’s Crew! This is a free choice lab rotation that allows students to choose from finger puppets, costumes, blocks, white boards and markers, puzzles and much more! The main goal of the imagine lab is for students to work together and use the materials from the imagine lab to bring stories we read this module to life.

Research Lab: 1st grade students were introduced to the research lab during our second Module of study. This allows students to learn new information about the sky using research materials (mainly our anchor texts about the sun, moon, and stars!). Students were encouraged to think of questions they had about this topic and to record new information into their lab notebooks.

Lab time is one of the major highlights of our days! Our 1st graders have become such independent, creative thinkers with the support of our labs and it has been amazing to see them become content experts during this time!

Kindergarten // Working with Experts

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For our second module of the year, Kindergarteners at Detroit Prep have been studying weather. We have immersed ourselves in everything weather: reading nonfiction texts, performing science experiments and comparing weather around the world.

While our study of weather has been guided by the EL Primary Language Arts Curriculum, we have worked to put our own local spin on the topic. As an EL school, we strive to make learning authentic and connect the curriculum to our community; EL Core Practice 7 suggests that teachers make learning meaningful and rigorous by incorporating fieldwork, experts, and service learning. Essentially, we try to make sure any unit includes experiences in nearby places, interactions with professionals and contributions to the greater good.

Our fieldwork for the weather unit was hyper-local. We spent many mornings observing the sky outside our school, peering out the classroom window and recording our observations. We were also fortunate enough to have two weather experts share with us: a crew family member (and former meteorology major) and a weather forecaster via the Skype a Scientist Program. These experiences enriched our understanding of weather and made our unit more exciting and fun! As we continue learning this year, we will continue to connect our crew room to places, people and causes in our local community.

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Kindergarten Crew // Mindfulness

Mindfulness, “The psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment,” is an integral part of our daily lives at Detroit Prep.  Every day after lunch, our students (and staff) embark on a fifteen minute psychological journey of self awareness through various forms of meditation and calming strategies aimed to refocus attention on the present in order to be ready to learn.  Though mindfulness may vary depending on the crew and crew leader, all students are participating in some form of meditation and calming strategies during this fifteen minute period daily.

One of the common ways to help crews become more aware and present during mindfulness time is through breathing exercises and yoga.  Every Monday in community crew, the students are taught a new breathing exercise in order to gain a vast library of strategies to use for self regulating their emotions and to incorporate during mindfulness time.  Along with new breathing exercises being taught every Monday, a great resource that crew leaders use during mindfulness in the classroom is GoNoodle.com.  This website includes categories of mindfulness and yoga videos aimed specifically for children.  Whether the students are doing yoga with Maximo, or practicing meditation and breathing techniques from the Flow Channel the website is sure to keep a crew entertained, invested, and mindful.

Other mindfulness strategies that have been incorporated in crews around Detroit Prep include: quiet rest and reflection time while sitting in a seat or lying on pillows and carpet area, free drawing, free reading, and playing with tactile materials such as play doh.

This time of the day can look many different ways and may vary from crew to crew because there is not just one right way to be mindful.  In order to create an organic and authentic space where a crew can be mindful, crew leaders must also be mindful and receptive to the needs and ideas of their crew.  As long as students are finding a way to be calm and mindful in the way that resonates most with them, they can grow to understand how to carefully observe, not judge, their own thoughts and feelings so that they can appreciate their current experience and live in the moment.

 1st Grade Crew // Social Emotional Learning Through Character Building

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School at Detroit Prep is much more than reading, writing, and arithmetic. Developing these skills is certainly necessary for our students’ future success. However, it is not sufficient. In order to set our students up for the best academic and career success, we know that we must spend just as much time developing their social and emotional skills. Social emotional learning in the primary years has been linked to later career readiness and even to happiness levels well into adulthood.

One look at our daily schedule will demonstrate how critical we believe social emotional skills are, which have just as much time allotted on the schedule as math, reading, and writing. Twice a day, we meet for “crew” where we practice activity and self-reflection built around six habits of character: compassion, cooperation, curiosity and creativity, integrity, perseverance, and responsibility. During this time, you might find us playing “I spy” and then reflecting about how it helped us meet our compassion goal for the week: “I can put myself in someone else’s shoes.” At our end of the day crew meeting, you’d notice students giving each other appreciations for how they showed these habits of character during the day or making amends with students whom they have hurt.

While crew meetings give students many opportunities to reflect about their own social emotional learning throughout the week, we know that we must help students explicitly make connections between these skills and academic work. So, for the past few weeks, our crew has been spending a few minutes following each academic period reflecting about how we used the habits of character during learning. Students share responses like, “I showed compassion by using kind words when I worked with my table,” or “I had to persevere when I felt confused during the math exit ticket.” These few minutes allow students to make clear connections between the work they do in crew and their academic learning, ultimately teaching them ways to integrate social emotional skills throughout their daily life. So, at Detroit Prep, it’s more accurate to say that we learn the three “r’s”, as well as the four c’s curiosity, creativity, cooperation and compassion.

2nd Grade Crew // Literacy Labs


Monday through Thursday you will see our 2nd grade crew returning from recess, heading straight to our carpet spots, and eager to begin Literacy Labs.  The very first part of lab time is dedicated to a read aloud.  Our crew is reading Charlotte’s Web because we are focusing on compassion. Students listen to how the characters include others, help others, and use their words and actions to make others feel good.  We make connections between the characters actions and their actions towards others during lab time.  Next students focus a few minutes of their time to set a goal for labs that day.  Goals students have set recently are: 1.  I can use materials with care, 2. I can use kind words, 3. I can listen to others ideas.  Once goals are set, it’s time to jump into the labs!

During our first module students went to the Engineer, Imagine, Create, and Research Lab.  In the Create Lab students started by drawing self portraits and then  drew portraits of their lab partners. If students chose the Create Lab during the Choice and Challenge week, students worked on a portrait of someone important at Detroit Prep.  In the Engineer Lab, students used a ruler to draw an open face drawing of our classroom.  Next, students worked on designing an ideal space for students at Detroit Prep.  Students created designs for a new playground and classrooms that had their own kitchen!  In the Imagine Lab students use their curiosity and creativity to play.  Students use cooperation to share materials like blocks, whiteboards and markers, legos, and puppets.  The Research Lab was a place where students created surveys to get to know their crew a little better.  Students worked with their lab group to create a research question and possible answers.  The next week they surveyed their crew and worked together to create a bar graph to show the data.  Students learned: 1.  What our crew likes to do at recess, 2. What our crew likes to do best at school and 3.  What our crew likes to do after school.

Second grade LOVES Lab time.  It gives students a chance to practice and show our habits of character: responsibility, compassion, integrity, cooperation, perseverance, and curiosity and creativity.  It also gives students a chance to show what they’ve learned during module time in creative ways. It is the perfect way to end our day!

Social Work // Just Take a Deep Breath

“Just take a deep breath.”

This is a piece of advice that we all have heard. Maybe you have even given this advice to your child or a loved one while they were feeling frustrated, overwhelmed, sad or angry.  

There is a reason why this piece of advice is tried and true; it works. Deep breathing releases endorphins throughout the body, slows heart rate, promotes blood flow, promotes better sleep and stabilizes blood pressure. Deep breathing is an effective method to control emotions and regulate problematic behaviors.

This is more than just huffing and puffing. It is being intentional, mindful and thoughtful with your breathing.

Here are some of the basics of deep breathing:

Posture: One of the most important aspects of deep breathing is the how your body is set before you begin taking your deep breaths. If you are sitting, standing or lying down your spine should be straight. Think of the top of your head and your tailbone point A and point B. Draw as straight of a line as possible between those two points.

Belly Breathing: Now that you are in the correct posture, it is time to take a few deep breaths. Place one or both hands on your abdomen (between your belly button and rib cage). Take a slow deep breath through your nose and exhale through your mouth. You should feel your hand rise and fall with each breath. If it helps, you can imagine there is a balloon in your abdomen, with each breath in it should inflate and deflate. Repeat the cycle 5-10 times.

 

 

Variations: Now that we have the basics down we can throw in some different variations to more effectively take deep breaths.

  • 4-7-8 Breathing: Check and correct your posture. Breath in through your nose for 4 seconds. Hold for 7 seconds. Breath out through your mouth for 8 seconds. Do this cycle for around 5-10 times. Note: it is difficult for some children to breath out for 8 seconds. Encourage them to breath out slowly and “empty their balloon.”
  • Bumble Bee Breathing: Check and correct your posture. Take a deep belly breath through your nose. Exhale slowly while making a loud “Hummmmm” or “Buzzzzzzz” sound. Try again with your eyes closed. Focus on the sound. Notice how the vibration feels on your mouth. Do this for 3-4 times. Next, close your eyes and block your ears. Notice how this changes your experience. Continue to repeat a 3-4 times. You can try different sounds when breathing out. This is a good introduction to feeling all the different senses and general mindfulness.
  • Mantra Breathing: Check and correct your posture. Begin with a few deep slow breaths. As you breathe in say, “Breathe in Compassion.” As you breathe out say, “Breathe out Hate.” This can change to any skills you would want to be working on (i.e. Calm / Anxiety, Peace / Turmoil) Another alternative, as you breathe in say, “I change my thoughts.” As you breathe out say “I change my world.” The selection of your mantra is personal. Whatever has meaning to you, will work best.  

Hopefully now the next time you hear or say “Just take a deep breath” you will know exactly how to best take that breath.

1st Grade Crew // Morning Crew

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Each day at Detroit Prep begins and ends in a very special way- with our Morning Crew and Closing Crew meetings! Monday mornings and Friday afternoons we get the chance to come together as a whole school for our community crew meetings. This is a chance for us to set up our goals and learning targets for the week and reflect on the progress we made at the end.

The rest of the morning crew meetings and closing crew meetings are done in our individual crews. We use crew meetings to establish a sense of community and shared responsibilities. We also build social and academic skills during this time as a way to increase our excitement about learning!

Here is what a typical morning crew looks like in 1st grade:

Greeting: In Mrs. Jackie’s crew, we start each day by singing our Hello Neighbor Song (you may have heard it sung at home- it’s a catchy tune!), followed by a new greeting each morning. Students feel important and that ‘it matters that I came’ when we take the time to individually say good morning to each person. One of our favorite greetings is ‘1-2-3-4, Come On______ Hit the Floor!’ This one allows us to say good morning while also showing off our favorite dance moves for friends ☺

Sharing: Next, we move on to our daily share time. Students improve their speaking and listening skills as they share responses to prompts. The prompts change each day. For the first 6 weeks of school, many of our crew shares were based around how our Habits of Character (compassion, cooperation, curiosity and creativity, integrity, perseverance, and responsibility) look, feel, and sound. Recently, we started having one table group per day bring in something special from home to share with our whole crew. Students share three things about their object and then can take questions or comments from friends!

Initiative (Group Activity): This is one of our favorite times of crew where we work together to problem solve, build class cohesion and have fun! Recently, when we were working on Integrity for our Habit of Character we became experts at the Telephone Game! Students worked diligently to pass the correct message around the circle and had fun showing their curiosity and creativity with their created messages! Another favorite is “Statues” where students try their best to distract friends, while some pretend to be statues (as seen in the pictures above!). On different days, our initiative may be another game (like Simon Says or Buzz), a read aloud, or a short video clip.

Morning Message: Each day students in first grade conclude their Morning Crew Meetings by reading the morning message. This is a time where I inform students of the day/date, special activities for the day and any upcoming news. We also take this time to practice or review one previously learned skill, such as high frequency words, addition or subtraction problems, or punctuation.

Morning Crew Meetings let everyone in our crew know that school is a safe place where all children’s feelings and ideas are important. Crew meetings are a great way to build community, have fun, and increase social and academic skills!

“Growing Our Reading Brains” with the Skills Block

This year Detroit Prep has adopted the EL Primary Curriculum for English Language Arts. Students in K-2 experience 3 hours of reading and writing each day! During the hour of module time, students work on developing their reading comprehension, writing, speaking and listening skills through a 6 to 8 week in-depth study of a topic. During the hour of Literacy Labs time, students experience play based learning related to the module topic. Finally during the Skills Block hour, students work on mastering the alphabetic code and the skills required to become a fluent reader.

Skills Block is a fun and rigorous approach to phonics instruction. We begin each Skills Block together on the carpet. We sing songs, play games and explore poems and stories as we work on mastering letter-sound correlations and phonological awareness. After our whole group instruction time, students break into small groups and either work on independent reading activities or with me for small group instruction.

The research that grounds the Skills Block emphasizes not only teaching the Reading Foundations Common Core State Standards during the whole group instruction time but also offering small group differentiated instruction to students based on their current understanding of the alphabetic code. We group students by what they know about letters, sounds, reading and spelling. We then plan instruction for each each group centered on the exact skills they will need to become a proficient reader. The goal is that by the end of second grade students will have the skills to successfully decode (read) and encode (write) any word in the English language.

The Skills Block and its explicit approach to teaching the alphabetic code have had a tremendous impact on my Kindergarten Crew in only a few months of school. My crew is constantly examining text in the world around them and working to read it. On a daily basis I hear things like “Ms. Shelly, do you see the word ‘we’ hiding backwards inside of the word ‘crew’?” or “I’m trying to write oil, but I need to know the letters that make up the /oi/ sound.” Reading isn’t some mysterious skill you acquire. Reading is having a firm understanding of letter sound relationships and using that knowledge to carefully examine and decode written text. Skills Block helps my Kindergarten Crew learn these things each day and “grow our reading brains.”

We Are Crew!

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We Are Crew are words you hear the students of Detroit Prep chanting during an infamous Light Leader ceremony.  Students are excited to say it.  Students say it with pride.  Students understand what it means to be a crew. What does it mean?

Being a part of a crew means that everyone is working together.  We are on the same boat.  We are going to the same place; A place where learning occurs, a place where sharing happens, and a place where students and parents feel welcome.  Students begin to understand that traveling to the place where learning and sharing happen, cannot be done unless the whole crew is onboard.  Unless everyone is willing to use cooperation, take responsibility, show compassion, and persevere.  It takes a community full of students, teachers, parents, and school leaders to get the boat moving, traveling, and safely docked.  But… how do you get students onboard?  

We start and end every day with crew meetings.  Monday mornings and Friday afternoon crew meetings are spent with the entire Detroit Prep community.  School leaders and teachers collaborate on ideas to get students excited for crew.  Other days, crew takes place in the classrooms.  Teachers plan intentionally to help students understand how to work together and why it is important.

Each morning crew meeting begins by greeting one another (in a fun, engaging, and creative way).  Our crew enjoys the various animal greetings best!  Next, students get a chance to share about their weekend adventures, family, or their favorite things.  Our crews favorite share topic is The Mystery Bag.  One student choses something from home and writes down three clues.  The next day, the clues are read, guesses are shared and the object is revealed.  The child gets to share what they brought and other students ask questions.  Then, we all do an activity.  Activities challenge the crew in different ways.  Sometimes an activity will challenge us as a team or sometimes individually.  Some days the activity could challenge us physically, other times mentally.  (Ask a Detroit Prep student what their favorite crew time activity is!)  The last part of a morning crew meeting is shared reading.  In the beginning of the year, I wrote a special morning message to read.  In the middle of the year, students read with me.  Now students are reading the morning message independently.    

Our afternoon crew meetings consist of a reflection on our day together.  We reflect on the Habit of Character we are working on.  Other days we reflect on our learning targets.  Next, students give appreciations or amends to their crewmates.  Students acknowledge each other for modeling Habits of Character.  Students notice when their crew shows compassion, uses cooperation while working and playing, or shows responsibility.  That person gets shine from their whole crew. After appreciations are completed, we share announcements and say our goodbyes.  

What does it mean to be a Crew?  It means that we are all in this journey together and we cannot get to where we are going alone.  How do we get students to value this idea?  Simple and intentional meetings together.  Once in the morning, once in the afternoon.  They do not take up a ton of time, but the purposeful activities help students see their peers as a crew.  We take time to say hello, share and play together.  We take time to reflect, appreciate, and say goodbye to each other.  These simple ideas are often forgotten about or deemed unimportant in a hectic world, but they make a world of difference.